FIT (Feed-in-Tariff)

What is Feed-in-Tariff?

What is the Role of Northern Ontario Wires Inc.?

How to Apply

FIT (greater than 10 kW)

Connection Impact Assessment (CIA)


 What is Feed-in-Tariff?

Ontario’s feed-in-tariff (FIT) program is North America’s first comprehensive pricing structure for renewable electricity production. It offers stable prices under long-term contracts for energy generated from renewable sources, including:

·         Biomass

·         Biogas

·         Landfill gas

·         On-shore and off-shore wind

·         Solar photovoltaic (PV)

·         Water power

By encouraging the development of renewable energy in Ontario, the FIT Program will help Ontario phase out coal-fired electricity generation by 2014 – the largest climate change initiative in North America.

The FIT Program was enabled by the Green Energy and Green Economy Act, 2009 which was passed into law on May 14, 2009. The Ontario Power Authority (OPA) is responsible for implementing the program. It is responsible for the program rules, contracts, registration, application and contracting processes and ongoing contract management activities.

The program is divided into two streams – FIT and MicroFIT. The FIT Program is designed for renewable energy projects that can generate more than 10 kilowatts (kW) of electricity. Very small projects, at a home or small business that can generate 10 kW or less qualify under the MicroFIT Program.


What is the Role of Northern Ontario Wires Inc.?

Northern Ontario Wires and other Ontario local distribution companies are accountable for delivering electricity from the high-voltage transmission system to homes, businesses and public institutions within its service area. In the FIT Program, NOW Inc. is responsible for connecting both FIT and MicroFIT projects to the distribution system. NOW Inc. will assess and approve the connection of renewable energy projects to the low-voltage distribution system. We will also help projects complete their system connection.

How to Apply

Participants must register with the OPA, find the right equipment supplier to install the project and then connect their project through NOW Inc. To get more information on how to connect your project to NOW’s distribution system please visit the Ontario Power Authority’s website as follows:



FIT (greater than 10 kW)


The FIT Program is designed for renewable projects that can generate more than 10 kilowatts (kW) of electricity. Listed below are steps that need to be carried out to ensure timely connection of renewable generation projects to NOW’s distribution system.


Initial Contact

Customer submits Application to Connect – FIT and Single Line Diagram (SLD).


Provision of Information

The customer must ensure compliance with the OPA rules and with Electrical Safety Authority (ESA) guidelines. NOW Inc. reviews the Single Line Diagram to ensure compliance with NOW’s safe utility practices and provides connection details to the customer.


Generator Develops Plan

Customer reviews information obtained from OPA, ESA and NOW Inc. and develops installation plan.


Initial Consultation

Preliminary meeting with customer to discuss project feasibility, connection details and broad time and cost estimates.


FIT Contract

Customer must apply with the OPA for a FIT contract. 


Application for Connection Impact Assessment

Upon FIT contract award from the OPA, customer will ensure that is applies with NOW Inc. using Connection Impact Assessment Application.

Complete CIA application consists of completed and signed CIA, a possible CIA fee and SLD. All technical documentation must be sealed and signed by a licensed Ontario Professional Engineer.


Offer to Connect

CIA will typically be completed with 60 days (with no system modification or expansion) and 90 days (with modification and expansion). Customer will be notified of both CIA results. Upon success completion of both CIAs, customer will be allocated capacity.


Decision to Proceed and Install

If modification to NOW Inc.’s distribution system is required, the customer sign an Offer to Connect – Cost Recovery Agreement (CCRA).



Customer proceeds with generation facility design an the detailed engineering drawings and plans will be submitted by the customer to ESA for plan approval.

Customer also submits information to NOW Inc. for design review (SLD, metering details, protection, etc.)


Authorization to Connect

Customer is responsible for arranging and receiving Authorization to Connect from ESA.


Connection Agreement

Once all of the required customer work and approvals are completed, a FIT Connection Agreement will be signed by the customer and NOW Inc. prior to energization.


Commissioning and Verification

NOW Inc. may inspect generation facility at any time.



Once the ESA’s Authorization to Connect is received, NOW Inc. will proceed with completing the connection of generation facility to NOW’s distribution system.



Connection Impact Assessment (CIA)

Under the Distribution System Code, all local distribution companies (LDC) are required to complete impact assessment of generation facilities prior to connecting to the distribution grid. The customer must apply for the FIT contract, before applying for a CIA.


The CIA will define the impact of the proposed embedded generation facility to NOW’s system, which includes and is not limited to: 

·         Any voltage impacts on current loading settings and impacts on fault currents;

·         The connection feasibility;

·         The need for any line or equipment upgrades;

·         The need for system protection modifications;

·         Any metering requirements.


All technical submissions (CIA, Single Line Diagram, etc.) must be sealed and signed by a licensed Ontario Professional Engineer.




Sample Single Line Diagram

Application to Connect – FIT

Connection Impact Assessment

Offer to Connect – Cost Recovery Agreement  (CCRA) - not yet available

Sample Connection Agreement - FIT

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