1. Turn off both incandescent and
fluorescent lights when they aren't needed, even for a short
2. Fluorescent tubes use 60% to 80% less
energy than incandescent bulbs, and last 10 to 20 times longer.
3. Compact fluorescents are designed to
fit most standard light fixtures, last 10 times longer, and use
70% less energy.
4. Halogen bulbs (spots or floods) use
50% less energy than incandescent bulbs, last two to four times
longer, and are compatible with dimmer switches.
5. Energy efficient incandescent bulbs
are the same as "regular" light bulbs, but with slightly less
light output. They are available in 34, 52, 90 and 135 watts to
replace 40, 60, 100 and 150 watt standard bulbs.
6. Low voltage outdoor lighting used for
landscaping is an energy efficient choice.
7. Dimmer switches can replace standard
on/off switches. They reduce light level, save energy and extend
bulb life (do not use with fluorescent lights).
8. Programmable timers turn selected
lights on and off at specified times, and make your house look
9. Motion sensor lights turn lights on
automatically when movement is detected in a certain zone.
Useful as security lighting, and to light your way when you come
home in the evening.
10. Avoid multiple-light fixtures. Four
25 watt light bulbs give off only two-thirds the light of one 100
watt bulb, yet use the same 100 watts of energy.
11. Avoid long-life incandescent bulbs.
They put out up to 30% less light, while using the same amount
12. Use a reading lamp where you're
seated, instead of lighting the whole room.
13. Dust your light bulbs and fixtures.
Even a thin layer of dust lowers lighting levels.
14. Walls painted a light colour reflect
more light. Less energy is required to brighten the room.
15. Avoid dark-coloured lampshades.
16. Compare "Energuide" labels when
17. Set your refrigerator to 3°C (37°F)
and your freezer to -18°C (0°F).
18. Vacuum the condenser coils on your
refrigerator and freezer every six months.
19. Don't overload your refrigerator.
20. Don't open the refrigerator door
more than necessary.
21. Cool leftovers before refrigerating.
22. Defrost food in the refrigerator,
rather than the microwave.
23. Locate your refrigerator and freezer
away from heat sources.
24. If you're away for more than 10
days, you can empty and clean the refrigerator and freezer
compartment, unplug it, and prop doors open.
25. Purchasing an old refrigerator may
not be the bargain you hoped for. New refrigerators use up to
40% less than one built in 1972.
26. Replace worn door seals on
refrigerators and freezers.
27. Select the best size fridge for your
needs; 13 cu. ft. for one or two people; 14-17 cu. ft. for three
or four people and additional 2 cu. ft. for each extra person.
28. Two refrigerators use a lot more
electricity than one larger one. Think about whether you really
need that second fridge.
29. Leave cold drinks out in thermos
bottles rather than in the refrigerator on hot days.
30. Keep your freezer 2/3 to 3/4 full.
31. Defrost your freezer before ice
deposits reaches 1/4 inch.
32. Locate your freezer in a dry, heated
area. Fluctuating temperatures will cause it to operate
inefficiently, and could damage the compressor.
33. Wait until your dishwasher is full
before you wash. Two half loads use twice a much energy
as one full load.
34. Use the short cycle on your
dishwasher when you have easy to clean dishes.
35. If your dishwasher does not have an
energy-saver feature, turn it off at the end of the rinse cycle
and open the door to let the dishes air-dry.
36. If used with full loads, dishwashers
are actually more efficient than washing by hand.
37. Self-cleaning ranges are more energy
efficient than regular models because they have more oven
38. Use the self-cleaning feature right
after cooking, when the oven is already hot.
39. Pre-heat your oven for only 10
minutes, when baking.
40. Pre-heating is not necessary for
most roasts and casseroles.
41. Cooking more than one thing at a
time in your oven saves energy.
42. Use glass or ceramic cookware in the
oven and lower your temperature by 25°F.
43. About 20% of an oven's heat is lost
when you open the door. An oven with a window allows you to look
in without opening it.
44. Consider using the broiler. It saves
energy and requires no pre-heating.
45. Cook two different foods on one
stovetop element by using a double boiler.
46. Use pots and pans that are the same
size as the element to reduce heat loss.
47 Energy efficient pans have flat,
clean bottoms and tight fitting lids. Cook with the lid on.
48. Use a thermos, not the stove, for
keeping coffee warm.
49. A microwave uses up to 50% less than
a conventional electric oven.
50. Since a microwave heats only the
food, and not the oven, use it on especially hot summer days.
51. For large quantities of liquids,
soups or stews, your stovetop element is twice as efficient as a
52. An electric kettle heats water more
efficiently than a stove element or a microwave oven.
53. Electric coffee makers are more
energy efficient than a surface element on a stove.
54. Remove mineral deposits from kettles
and coffee makers with a commercial cleaner or vinegar.
55. A toaster oven (1500 watts) is less
expensive to use than a conventional oven (3200 watts).
56. Electric frying pans use less energy
than electric stoves for cooking small amounts of food.
57. Slow cookers are economical for
foods that require a long cooking time.
58. 1/4 of your hot water is used for
clothes washing. Wash with warm or cold water and always rinse
with cold water.
59. Buy a washing machine with water
level controls and short wash cycles, and use them.
60. Buy a clothes dryer with an
electronic moisture sensor and a cool down (permanent press)
61. Drying one full load of laundry
takes less energy than two small loads.
62. Avoid over-drying.
63. Overloading your washer and dryer
make them less energy efficient.
64. Clean the dryer's filter every time
65. Twice a year, turn off the power at
the panel and vacuum link from the dryer motor, drum and exhaust
66. Use the washer spin cycle twice to
save energy when drying clothes.
67. The most energy efficient clothes
dryer is a clothesline.
68. Take quick showers instead of bath.
An eight minute or shorter should uses less hot water.
69. An energy efficient (low flow)
showerhead reduces the amount of water needed for a shower by
50% to 75%.
70. Fix leaky taps. One drop per second
wastes 800 litres (175 gallons) of hot water per month.
71. Turn your electric water heater's
thermostat down to 130°F (or 140°F if you have a
72. Insulate the first three to six feet
of hot water pipe from your water heater with pipe insulation.
73. Wrap your electric water heater with
an insulating blanket.
74. Turn off your water heater if you're
going to be away for five days or more.
75. Install faucet aerators to reduce
76. All those little drafts in winter
can add up to a hole the size of a window. This air leakage
accounts for 30% to 40% of your home's heat loss.
77. Weather-strip around doors and
windows and caulk (from the inside). Don't forget your attic
78. If you basement is unfinished, caulk
where the wood frame wall (sill plate) meets the foundation.
79. Install foam switch and plug
80. With a stick of incense, check pipe
and wire entrances, vents, baseboards and light fixtures. Caulk
where you detect a draft.
81. Put glass doors on your fireplace.
82. The easiest and least expensive area
to insulate is your attic. Insulate to R40. (Note: all openings
in the attic should be sealed before insulating to protect
against moisture damage.)
83. Insulate unfinished basement walls.
84. Insulate upper walls from the inside
when renovating or from the outside when siding.
85. Double glaze all windows. If
replacing them, consider Low "E" (Argon filled) windows.
86. Set your thermostat at about 20°C
(68°F) in winter. For every degree above this, your energy
use and heating costs rise about 5%.
87. A programmable setback thermostat
automatically lowers house heat at night and turns it up in the
88. Furnace filters should be cleaned or
changed once a month during the heating season, and during the
air conditioning season if you have central air.
89. The same insulation in your attic
that keeps you warm in the winter also keeps you cool in summer.
Make sure you add attic vents so hot air can escape.
90. Shade east, south and especially
west-facing windows in summer by simply closing curtains and
blinds. Or, install awnings or wooden louvers.
91. Plant deciduous trees to shade your
house in summer.
92 In summer, minimize washing and
drying clothes, ironing and cooking during the hottest times of
93. Recommended setting for air
conditioning is 24°C (75°F).
94 Purchase an air conditioner with an
Energy Efficient Rating (EER) of at least 9; it will save you 30
to 60 cents an hour.
95. Wash or replace your air
conditioner's filter once a month.
96. Fans and ceiling fans keep you
comfortable at a fraction of the cost of air conditioning.
97. Turn your pool filter off on cooler
summer nights (and save up to $85.00 on a two-month bill).
98 Keep your water bed covered and the
temperature in that room relatively warm.
99. Read and understand your owner's
manuals. If your appliances have energy saving settings, use
100. Keep all your appliances, furnace
and air conditioner well maintained. If you notice something not
operating, call a service person.